Download Alexander the Great: A Reader by Ian Worthington PDF

By Ian Worthington

Along with his unparalleled conquests from Greece within the west to India within the East, Alexander the nice was once the kind of guy that legends are made up of; therein lies the matter for these learning him. Ought we to simply accept similar to a rushing king having fun with a string of astounding successes, or undertake a extra cynical assessment, being attentive to all of the risks of his reign? within the mild of the facts at our disposal, does he even need to be known as ''Great''? This fascinating new quantity is an fundamental advisor for undergraduates to the examine of Alexander the nice, exhibiting the issues of the traditional resource fabric, and making it transparent that there's no unmarried method of be taken. The 11 thematic chapters include a extensive number of the main major released articles approximately Alexander, interpreting the most parts of dialogue and discussion:the resources; Alexander's historical past; Alexander's goals; Alexander and the Greeks; Alexander and Asia; Alexander, India and the ultimate Years; Alexander as common; Alexander and ''The cohesion of Mankind''; Alexander and Deification; Alexander and Conspiracies; Alexander: The 'Great'? The Reader has the virtue of translating a considerable variety of the extra inaccessible basic resources; every one bankruptcy can be prefaced with a succinct creation to the subject into account.

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He also, it seems, founded the institution of the Pages:9 the sons of prominent nobles received an education at court in the immediate entourage of the king, developing a personal attachment to him while necessarily serving as hostages for the good behaviour of their families. As a result the nobility was simultaneously coerced and rewarded, diluted and diversified. As the frontiers of the kingdom expanded, loyalty to the crown brought tangible rewards, and those rewards involved financial interests and military obligations outside the old baronial centres of power.

Mediterranean 57–60. 23 For Callisthenes’ view of his own importance (which was not unlike Arrian’s own) see Arr. iv. 2. On his panegyric tendencies see Jacoby, RE x. 1701–4. 24 Polyb. xii. 19. 1–2, 5–6, 20. 1. ; HCArr i. 31, 212, 217, 272–3. 26 Quint. Inst. x. 1. 74 = FGrH 137 T 7. Cf. Jacoby, RE xi. 654: ‘In Rom war er . . im 1. Jhdt. v. Chr. ’ 27 FGrH 137 F 18–19, 21–2. 28 F 13, 16. 29 For thoroughgoing condemnation see Tarn, Alexander ii. 54–5; Hammond, Three Historians, esp. 25–7. Jacoby, RE xi.

Diodorus mentions his capacity to keep a formidable mercenary force and to bribe collaborators in the Greek world. Though emotively expressed, the statement is true and important. Philip did attract a large and versatile body of mercenaries which he could use in the most remote theatres of operation and deploy independently of the Macedonian native levy. 17 His financial reserves ensured that he never suffered the embarrassment of Athenian generals serving in the north Aegean, who were often forced to maintain 30 ALEXANDER’S BACKGROUND 1111 2 3 4 5111 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20 1 2 3 4 5111 6 7 8 9 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 1 2 3 4 5 6 71111 their mercenaries by subsidiary campaigning for other paymasters or by simple extortion, euphemistically termed ‘good will’ payments (Dem.

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