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By United Nations

The pursuits of the examine are to map and examine present alternate agreements within the area and their product insurance, rather agricultural items, in addition to linked tariff and non-tariff boundaries and to derive implications and proposals and directions for exchange coverage negotiations. It includes either quantitative and qualitative analyses of liberalization efforts within the sector of agricultural alternate, which came about in parallel to negotiations on agricultural alternate liberalization within the context of Doha improvement schedule. It presents an updated, trustworthy account of preferential exchange in Asia with recognize to agriculture. The examine additionally includes a evaluation of agricultural reform in China.

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Extra info for Agricultural Trade: Planting the Seeds of Regional Liberalization in Asia - A Study by the Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade

Example text

C. , 2006. “Preferential trade agreements in Asia: Alternative scenarios of ‘Hub and Spoke’”, ERD Working Paper Series No. 83, Asian Development Bank, Manila. 30 Annex Annex figure I. 0 Iran, Islamic Rep. 0 31 Annex table 1. b. value, and the process of manufacture is performed within the territory of the exporting Contracting Party. b. b. value of the products produced or obtained, and the final process of manufacture is performed within the territory of the exporting Contracting State (70 per cent for LDC State.

Notwithstanding its non-binding nature, the point of departure should be the WTO common declaration. Ongoing work, notably in APEC, and other useful trade and development elements found in other agreements should be built upon with this need in mind. For example, APTA recently agreed to common rules of origin (representing a wide spectrum of industrial development among the members) that are relatively simple, general and liberal, that is: (a) A flat rate of a minimum 45 per cent of local value content (35 per cent for least developed countries) in bilateral rules of origin; and (b) At least 60 per cent (50 per cent for least developed countries) of regional content with full cumulation (cf.

For example, while agriculture provided paid employment in India for only 5 per cent of the labour force during 2004, its rural population forms the largest part of the total population. This means the sector is instrumental in ensuring rural development and provision of livelihood security. When it comes to the negotiation of preferential liberalization, which often embraces “made to measure” liberalization, this sector (is more likely than others) will be granted longer transitional periods, lesser tariff cuts and other exemptions in order for it to become a vehicle for rural development.

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