Download Agent, Person, Subject, Self: A Theory of Ontology, by Paul Kockelman PDF

By Paul Kockelman

This booklet deals either a naturalistic and important idea of symptoms, minds, and meaning-in-the-world. It offers a reconstructive instead of deconstructive concept of the person, one that either analytically separates and theoretically synthesizes various colleges which are frequently careworn and conflated: corporation (understood as a causal capacity), subjectivity (understood as a representational capacity), selfhood (understood as a reflexive capacity), and personhood (understood as a sociopolitical capability attendant on being an agent, topic, or self). It argues that those amenities are most sensible understood from a semiotic stance that supersedes the standard intentional stance. And, in so doing, it bargains a pragmatism-grounded method of that means and mediation that's normal sufficient to account for strategies which are as embodied and embedded as they're articulated and enminded. specifically, whereas this conception is concentrated on human-specific modes of which means, it additionally deals a normal conception of that means, such that the brokers, matters and selves in query don't need to constantly, or perhaps often, map onto individuals. And whereas this concept foregrounds brokers, people, topics and selves, it does this by way of theorizing tactics that frequently stay within the historical past of such (often erroneously) individuated figures: ontologies (akin to tradition, yet generalized throughout agentive collectivities), interplay (not purely among humans, but additionally among humans and issues, and something open air or in-between), and infrastructure (akin to context, yet generalized to incorporate mediation at any measure of remove).

Paul Kockelman, affiliate Professor of Anthropology, Barnard collage and Columbia college.

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Additional info for Agent, Person, Subject, Self: A Theory of Ontology, Interaction, and Infrastructure

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6: Selecting Agent and Significant Object and artificial selection as well as their connection to less-celebrated processes of sieving and serendipity. Section 7 shows the relation between these processes and material artifacts, such as hammers and logic gates. Sections 8 and 9 show how all the foregoing relations between relations play out in any ensemble of signifying and selecting agents, focusing on the network of channels, or infrastructure, that interconnects such agents. And the conclusion relates these concerns to evolution- and epidemiology-inspired theories of culture.

However, one could imagine a more elaborate remapping, depending on whether the interpretant should be freezing, fleeing, or fighting. , I order you to . . , . . 10 4. The Organization of Cognitive Processes Just as our diagram may be extended to account for objects and agents that are “larger” than the individual, it may also be extended to account for objects and agents that are “smaller” than the individual. 8: O2 21 A4 Indexical and Inferential Enchaining of Cognitive Processes (or “causally”) gives rise to a perception (I1).

To be sure, the beliefs may be untrue and the desires may be unsound, such that the outcome in the short run or long run may be bizarre, self-defeating, unintended, and even unimaginable. Moreover, different agents can have radically different ontologies (or “theories”), however tacit, about the object and its causal connections to what they sense and instigate and yet still do so effectively. Consider, for example, the theories of Darwin or Mendel, an American farmer or a Mayan peasant. Indeed, it may even be the case that the selection was entirely unintentional, occurring by processes akin to sieving and serendipity, as will be discussed below.

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