By John Palfrey, Rafal Rohozinski, Jonathan Zittrain, Ronald J. Deibert
Many nations all over the world block or filter out web content material, denying entry to information--often approximately politics, but in addition in relation to sexuality, tradition, or religion--that they deem too delicate for usual electorate. entry Denied files and analyzes web filtering practices in over 3 dozen international locations, supplying the 1st conscientiously carried out research of this accelerating trend.
Internet filtering happens in no less than 40 states around the globe together with many nations in Asia and the center East and North Africa. similar web content material regulate mechanisms also are in position in Canada, the us and a cluster of nations in Europe. Drawing on a just-completed survey of world net filtering undertaken through the OpenNet Initiative (a collaboration of the Berkman heart for net and Society at Harvard legislations tuition, the Citizen Lab on the college of Toronto, the Oxford web Institute at Oxford collage, and the college of Cambridge) and counting on paintings by way of neighborhood specialists and an in depth community of researchers, entry Denied examines the political, felony, social, and cultural contexts of web filtering in those states from numerous views. Chapters talk about the mechanisms and politics of net filtering, the strengths and obstacles of the know-how that powers it, the relevance of overseas legislations, moral concerns for firms that offer states with the instruments for blockading and filtering, and the consequences of net filtering for activist groups that more and more depend on web applied sciences for speaking their missions.
Reports on net content material rules in 40 diversified international locations persist with, with each one nation profile outlining the kinds of content material blocked by way of type and documenting key findings.
* bankruptcy 1: Measuring international web Filtering
* bankruptcy 2: web Filtering: The Politics and Mechanisms of Control
* bankruptcy three: instruments and expertise of net Filtering
* bankruptcy four: Filtering and the foreign approach: a query of Commitment
* bankruptcy five: Reluctant Gatekeepers: company Ethics on a Filtered Internet
* bankruptcy 6: stable for Liberty, undesirable for safeguard? international Civil Society and the Securitization of the net
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Extra info for Access Denied: The Practice and Policy of Global Internet Filtering
The exercise of traditional state powers can have a powerful impact on Internet usage without rendering all content in a particular category inaccessible. ’’12 Against this backdrop, the blocking of Web pages may be intended to deliver a message to users that the government monitors Internet usage. This message is reinforced by methods allowing information to be gathered Internet Filtering: The Politics and Mechanisms of Control 35 about what sites a particular user has visited after the fact, such as the requirement that a user provide passport information to set up an account with an ISP and tighter controls of users at ´s, as in Vietnam.
First Steps Toward Understanding Internet Filtering In this chapter, we summarize what we have learned over the past year regarding the incidence of global Internet filtering. Taking an inventory of filtering practices and strategies is a necessary and logical first step, though still far from a thorough understanding of the issue. The study of Internet filtering can be approached by asking why some states filter the Internet or by asking why others do not. The latter question is particularly apt in countries that maintain a repressive general media environment while leaving the Internet relatively open.
Edu was blocked in China in 2002 after our first report of Internet filtering was placed there. ) We have also observed several other means of URL-based filtering. As the results presented in chapter 1 show, several states—including China, Iran, Myanmar, and Yemen—block access to all URLs containing particular strings of letters (such as ‘‘ass’’), whether such banned terms appear in the domain or in superfluous characters at its end. Those sites’ IP addresses are independently blocked, as blocked domains could otherwise be accessed via this method.