Download A Social Archaeology of Households in Neolithic Greece: An by Stella G. Souvatzi PDF

By Stella G. Souvatzi

The learn of families and daily life is more and more well-known as basic in social archeological research. This quantity is the 1st to deal with the family as a approach and as a conceptual and analytical ability in which we will be able to interpret social association from the ground up. utilizing distinct case reports from Neolithic Greece, Stella Souvatzi examines how the family is outlined socially, culturally, and traditionally; she discusses loved ones and neighborhood, variability, construction and replica, person and collective service provider, id, switch, complexity, and integration. Her research is enriched by way of an in-depth dialogue of the framework for the family within the social sciences and the synthesis of many anthropological, old, and sociological examples. It reverses the view of the loved ones as passive, ahistorical, and sturdy, exhibiting it as an alternative to be energetic, dynamic, and continuously moving.

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In Caribbean matrifocal societies, the household is in most cases part of a larger residing unit, the compound, which is a loose association of households of varying sizes but usually linked through the maternal line and often sharing food, domestic labour, childcare, and field work (Solien de Gonzalez 1969). Of course, a household always occurs in a spatial context; it requires a space, which, except for single-person households, is shared space. However, household space may be designated more by the social activities carried out in it and less by physical structures.

However, household space may be designated more by the social activities carried out in it and less by physical structures. , communal areas) (McKie et al. 1999: 5-8). Thus, instead of each co-resident group or house being identified with a household, it is rather the other way around: the household consists of one or more individuals who may often form a co-resident group and may often, but not necessarily, coincide with a house. This understanding has important implications for the archaeology of houses and 'house societies', which is an important and growing subfield II 12 THE HOUSEHOLD IN THE SOCIAL SCIENCES (see Chapter 2) and in which the definition of 'house' as a social unit tends to overlap with the definition of household.

Household, on the other hand, is defined by relationships between its members which are constructed through activity-sharing rather than by abstract rules, and it is highly flexible in relation to changes in the wider social and economic environment. Family members need not cooperate, whereas household members need not be kin-related (Bender 1967; Cheal 1991: 125-32; Hammel and Laslett 1974; Roberts 1991: 62-3). Analytically, a large number of anthropological case studies have shown that there are many societies in which nonrelatives may live together as household members, whereas relatives may not live together or may be members of other households.

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