Download A Phoenician-Punic Grammar (Handbuch Der Orientalistik) by Charles R. Krahmalkov PDF

By Charles R. Krahmalkov

This quantity contains the phonology, orthography, morphology, syntax, language and utilization of the Phoenician-Punic language. It includes examples from texts and dialects, together with fragments of a Punic drama, to carry to lifestyles the grammatical description of this language. the outline of the literary language holds that annoying and point reference of a given kind of the verb is basically a functionality of syntax, no longer morphology.

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Extra resources for A Phoenician-Punic Grammar (Handbuch Der Orientalistik)

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Shall drink water! No less interesting than the specimens of translations of Greek literature is an example of an original play in Punic preserved in the Poenulus. It is a fragment of an entrance monologue of Greco-Rom a n type (Poen. 940-946) from a comedy set in a Punic city, the dramatis personae all Phoenicians and the subject purely Punic. T h e play told the story of a father who had years earlier brought his firstborn son to the city to which he now (about ten years later) returns. " In the Neo-Punic version of the monologue (Poen.

2 a b u n o m abunom ("their father"). 2 puPa0(ji)V ribbaton [;ribbaatoon] ("our Lady"). lb. 5 bythi bitti ("her daughter"); Poen. 934 yth £it

NDRWNKS (Greek Av6poviKoq) on coins of Lapethos ( see RPC p. 97-100); (ii) Wis found for u in the spelling of the ethnicon LWKY Luki ("Lycian," CIS i 45). It is used exceptionally in the spelling of the Phoenician noun SWT silt ("garment," Byblos KAI 11). The letter Y is found for i in the spelling of the Cypriote Phoenician city-name *DYL \dil (Egyptian: Ramesses III Simons XXXV, 11 -rf^-/; Assyrian: Esar. V 64 E-di- ? NKY 3aniki ("I," for standard spelling *NK)\ (ii) in the plene spelling of the first singular possessive pronoun -i ("my") although not in Byblian Phoenician or early Tyro-Sidonian Phoenician (KAI 24, the Kilamuwa inscription) nor in Cypriote Phoenician; the latter scribal schools preferred the archaic spelling - 0 of the pronoun; (iii) in the plene spelling of the third person singular (masculine and feminine) possessive pronoun I ("his/her"), of which examples of the original defective spelling are very rare.

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