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By Gunter Schaarschmidt

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Extra info for A Historical Phonology of the Upper and Lower Sorbian Languages (Historical Phonology of the Slavic languages)

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Examples include, word-internally: USo jazyk 'tongue, language', LSojezyk. cf. P j~zyk; USo dial (Neustadt) dtewjac'nine', lit diewjec (with a> e, see chapter 50). LSo iewjes (with i> e in unstressed position, see chapter 23), cf. P dziewirc; USo Ijad 'row', LSo red, cf.

The phoneme oQ underwent a split into two qualitatively different vowels: short vii was raised to a mid~back 0, while long ail was centered and lowered to Q. Short rand ii changed qualitatively and thus split from long i and u; t was lowered and centered in pronunciation, while ii was delabialized and centered. , b « 11 and b « ii). It is possible that ,- and ii did not change into jers everywhere in So in the sequences CiSC/CuSC (where S = r, I), since these groups have reflexes that are quite unlike those of the jers (see chapter 20).

Pb Cz led; USo sotra (with loss of s; see chapter 35), LSo sOlsa, cf. Pb sestrii, Cz sestra; USo wjesoly 'joyful" LSo wjasoty. cf. Cz veselY. , USa LSo wjedro 'weather" 10. The labialization of front vowels 35 LSo dial (Muka) wjadro, cr. OP (SEJP) wiodro 'clear weather'; USo LSo pletu 'plait, weave' 1 sg, USo plesc inf, LSo plasc, ef. , USo njesc inf, LSo njasc, cf. P niosf, niesc; USo koJeso 'wheel~ bicycle', LSo kolaso, cf. P dial (HEW) kolosa 'carriage, coach' pt However, unlike in the later change e> 0, where the un systematic distribution of forms showing the change is related to non-structural reasons (see chapter 24), the lack of the global application of ell > oa is structurally motivated (see below).

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